Nature: bitter, acrid, warm
Actions: Dispels wind-dampness; relieves pain.
Bi syndrome: pain in the extremities, especially the joints. Use internally and apply topically in alcohol-based tincture.
Trauma: pain and swelling. Take internally and apply as a tincture or paste/poultice.
Often used as a standalone herb for pain, especially joint pain, as in the pill product Qi Ye Lian Wan.