Nature: acrid, bitter, neutral
Enters: Heart, Liver, Spleen
Actions: Opens the orifices; promotes Qi circulation; promotes blood circulation.
• Delirium or coma with a stifling sensation and focal distention in the chest and abdomen.
• Qi and blood stagnation: pain in the chest and abdomen.
• Tinctures of the herb have been shown to directly stimulate the mucosa of the respiratory tract and promote expectoration.
• Difficult to procure in the U.S.
Hsu: Stimulates CNS; stimulating expectorant – when dissolved in hot water and inhaled, directly stimulates the mucosa of the respiratory tract, increases secretions, promotes discharge of phlegm.
• Inhaling too high a concentration can irritate the nose, eyes, and throat.
PCBMP: Antiseptic, expectorant, astringent.
• Topical: on wounds, ulcers (including of the mouth) to protect and disinfect.
• Inhale for coughs, bronchitis, colds.
Dose: 0.3-1.5g (in pills and powders)